The All-Russia Research Institute for Animal Husbandry (VIZh) is a precursor of the All-Union Research Institute for Animal Husbandry founded in Moscow in 1929. E. F. Liskun, Distinguished Academician was a founder of the Institute and its first Director.
In 1947, Academician Prof. V. K. Milovanov, Prof. I. I. Sokolovskaya, and Prof. I. V. Smirnov made discovery no. 103, which proved the possibility of preserving the sperm cells at low temperatures.
A total of 5 new cattle breeds, 4 pig breeds, and 2 sheep breeds have been developed with participation of the Institute’s staff scientists. The Institute’s scientists were the co-originators of 20 commercial and breed types of farm animals including the cattle (9), the pigs (3), and the sheep (8).
The scientists of the Institute have developed the “Selecs” new system of large-scale selection and breeding (1978). The multi-year development process for the new detailed norms under the supervision of Academician A. P. Kalashnikov was completed in 1983. The third edition of the Norms for Farm Animal Nutrition and Feeding was published in 2003. These norms are known in science and practice as the VIZh norms. The USSR State Prize (to N. I. Denisov) and the Russian Federation Government Prize in science and technology for 2003 were given to the VIZh principal staff scientists for the theoretical justification for the formulations of forage mixtures, premixes, and dietary supplements and the application of enzyme preparations added to the farm animal diets. The Prize of the Council of Ministers of the USSR was awarded in 1987 for the research into the chromosome abnormalities in animals. The Russian Federation Government Prize was awarded for the immunogenetic technology development and adoption in farm animal selective breeding in 2002.
The Recommendations for Pork Production Technology first in the country, the new detailed Norms for Farm Animal Nutrition and Feeding, and the National Technologies for Freezing and Using Pedigree Bull-Sire Sperm have been developed with the participation of the Institute’s staff scientists.
In 1956, the VIZh merged with the All-Union Research Institute for Animal Nutrition. In 1961, it was relocated from Moscow to Dubrovitsy settlement, Podolsk Raion, Moscow Oblast.
In 1967, the VIZh was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.
In 1992, the All-Union Research Institute for Animal Husbandry, Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences was passed to the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences (RAAS) and renamed the All-Russia Research Institute for Animal Husbandry.
In 2012, the VIZh was named after the Academician Prof. Dr. Lev Ernst, the former Director of the Institute for 1970-1975.
In 2013, the Ernst VIZh was transferred to the Federal Agency of Scientific Organizations (FASO).
In 2017, it was renamed the Ernst All-Russia Research Institute for Animal Husbandry - Federal Science Center, Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution (Ernst VIZh FSC FSBI) due to FASO order no. 739 as of December 30, 2016.